Top Science Cities in the World 2020

From Top Cities

The top science cities are those whose institutions collectively publish the most output in the 82 high-quality journals tracked by the Nature Index in 2020.

The list shows the top 200 science cities and metropolitan areas ranked by article share (Share) in 2019. Also listed are each city’s article count (Count) in 2019, and its contribution to the region’s total Share of the year.

List

Rank City/metropolitan area Region Share 2019 Count 2019 Contribution to
region's Share** (%)
1 Beijing Mainland China 2,846.37 6,018 21.00%
2 New York metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 2,066.37 4,894 10.30%
3 Boston metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 1,909.81 4,325 9.50%
4 San Francisco-San Jose United States of America (USA) 1,692.50 3,979 8.40%
5 Shanghai Mainland China 1,480.48 3,227 10.90%
6 Baltimore-Washington United States of America (USA) 1,371.14 3,536 6.80%
7 Tokyo metropolitan area Japan 1,155.52 2,529 38.20%
8 Nanjing Mainland China 980.32 2,047 7.20%
9 Paris metropolitan area France 976.6 2,680 43.60%
10 Los Angeles metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 902.26 2,283 4.50%
11 Chicago metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 802.17 1,963 4.00%
12 Seoul metropolitan area South Korea 787.15 1,619 54.80%
13 Wuhan Mainland China 730.11 1,513 5.40%
14 London metropolitan area United Kingdom (UK) 719.87 2,174 19.10%
15 Guangzhou Mainland China 661.75 1,515 4.90%
16 Zürich Switzerland 610.24 1,491 41.00%
17 Singapore* Singapore 607.95 1,254 100.00%
18 San Diego metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 576.18 1,465 2.90%
19 Cambridge United Kingdom (UK) 567.24 1,589 15.00%
20 Hefei Mainland China 547.61 1,279 4.00%
21 Philadelphia metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 510.57 1,342 2.50%
22 Berlin metropolitan area Germany 495.77 1,383 10.90%
23 Munich Germany 486.83 1,374 10.70%
24 Tianjin Mainland China 485.73 1,060 3.60%
25 Oxford United Kingdom (UK) 472.14 1,411 12.50%
26 Hangzhou Mainland China 455.74 1,051 3.40%
27 Hong Kong Hong Kong 410.57 1,082 3.00%
28 Seattle metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 399.7 1,127 2.00%
29 Houston metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 387.8 1,085 1.90%
30 Melbourne Australia 374.53 1,180 29.70%
31 Toronto metropolitan area Canada 368.02 966 23.00%
32 Shenzhen Mainland China 364.12 1,205 2.70%
33 Ann Arbor United States of America (USA) 346.39 900 1.70%
34 Xi’an Mainland China 344.54 852 2.50%
35 Lausanne Switzerland 344.47 815 23.20%
36 Atlanta metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 338.4 936 1.70%
37 Chengdu Mainland China 325.84 670 2.40%
38 Changchun Mainland China 324.94 637 2.40%
39 Sydney Australia 299.8 958 23.80%
40 Barcelona metropolitan area Spain 294.76 1,003 25.40%
41 Changsha Mainland China 289.93 650 2.10%
42 Madrid Spain 279.5 991 24.10%
43 Boulder United States of America (USA) 278.9 853 1.40%
44 Montreal metropolitan area Canada 273.55 741 17.10%
45 Suzhou Mainland China 272.3 616 2.00%
46 Kyoto Japan 272.1 721 9.00%
47 Stockholm Sweden 261.65 949 41.90%
48 Copenhagen Denmark 250.58 790 64.80%
49 Vienna Austria 248.18 781 67.50%
50 Ithaca United States of America (USA) 247.39 682 1.20%
51 Madison United States of America (USA) 244.47 672 1.20%
52 Tsukuba Japan 243.9 919 8.10%
53 Osaka Japan 242.22 679 8.00%
54 Jinan Mainland China 241.93 532 1.80%
55 Pittsburgh United States of America (USA) 240.01 729 1.20%
56 Heidelberg Germany 233.85 812 5.10%
57 Fuzhou Mainland China 231.58 453 1.70%
58 Daejeon South Korea 230.89 578 16.10%
59 Durham United States of America (USA) 227.7 650 1.10%
60 Urbana United States of America (USA) 227.61 541 1.10%
61 Nagoya metropolitan area Japan 227.29 665 7.50%
62 Austin United States of America (USA) 223.17 633 1.10%
63 Xiamen Mainland China 222.33 447 1.60%
64 Dallas-Fort Worth United States of America (USA) 222.3 591 1.10%
65 St. Louis United States of America (USA) 218.79 556 1.10%
66 Minneapolis-Saint Paul United States of America (USA) 216 631 1.10%
67 Amsterdam metropolitan area Netherlands 212.76 795 22.90%
68 Dalian Mainland China 212.16 442 1.60%
69 Dresden Germany 210.6 612 4.60%
70 Moscow Russia 210.26 858 45.10%
71 Edinburgh United Kingdom (UK) 203.34 691 5.40%
72 Santa Barbara United States of America (USA) 195.83 526 1.00%
73 Chapel Hill United States of America (USA) 194.5 516 1.00%
74 Vancouver metropolitan area Canada 190.9 542 11.90%
75 Grenoble France 190.59 711 8.50%
76 State College United States of America (USA) 187.84 487 0.90%
77 Taipei Taiwan 186.11 611 50.10%
78 Qingdao Mainland China 185.41 478 1.40%
79 Chongqing Mainland China 182.27 359 1.30%
80 Genève Switzerland 176.67 663 11.90%
81 Brisbane Australia 174.79 555 13.90%
82 Hamburg Germany 174.54 659 3.80%
83 Bristol metropolitan area United Kingdom (UK) 168.17 587 4.50%
84 Manchester United Kingdom (UK) 166.76 557 4.40%
85 Lanzhou Mainland China 162.12 407 1.20%
86 Davis United States of America (USA) 160.92 504 0.80%
87 Göttingen Germany 160.88 463 3.50%
88 Milan Italy 158.35 629 15.40%
89 Columbus United States of America (USA) 156.35 512 0.80%
90 Basel Switzerland 155.11 418 10.40%
91 Rome Italy 154.73 723 15.10%
92 Reẖovot Israel 153.41 405 25.20%
93 Mainz Germany 151.8 493 3.30%
94 Tel Aviv Israel 151.15 434 24.80%
95 Sendai Japan 147.35 438 4.90%
96 Irvine United States of America (USA) 143.9 448 0.70%
97 Bengaluru India 143.55 344 13.80%
98 West Lafayette United States of America (USA) 141.43 398 0.70%
99 Kolkata metropolitan area India 140.68 326 13.50%
100 Prague Czech Republic 139.1 534 60.50%
101 Leuven Belgium 138.12 438 33.50%
102 Harbin Mainland China 136.79 292 1.00%
103 Utrecht Netherlands 133.67 518 14.40%
104 College Station United States of America (USA) 132.81 410 0.70%
105 Salt Lake City United States of America (USA) 128.18 311 0.60%
106 Helsinki Finland 127.78 520 58.50%
107 Miami metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 127.52 392 0.60%
108 Lyon France 125.93 495 5.60%
109 Würzburg Germany 124.08 344 2.70%
110 Jerusalem Israel 123.4 286 20.30%
111 Toulouse France 122.97 404 5.50%
112 Canberra Australia 121.88 393 9.70%
113 Frankfurt am metropolitan areain Germany 121.09 373 2.70%
114 Freiburg Germany 120.99 360 2.70%
115 Glasgow United Kingdom (UK) 120.94 440 3.20%
116 Nashville United States of America (USA) 119.38 387 0.60%
117 Denver metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 118.51 351 0.60%
118 Münster Germany 117.5 325 2.60%
119 Waterloo Canada 117.17 292 7.30%
120 Jeddah Saudi Arabia 115.6 357 85.30%
121 Gainesville United States of America (USA) 114.29 443 0.60%
122 Warsaw Poland 114.12 450 45.60%
123 Strasbourg France 113.88 394 5.10%
124 Sapporo Japan 112.8 265 3.70%
125 Riverside United States of America (USA) 112.75 343 0.60%
126 Fukuoka metropolitan area Japan 111.31 334 3.70%
127 Tübingen Germany 111.02 315 2.40%
128 Karlsruhe Germany 109.69 362 2.40%
129 Zhengzhou Mainland China 107.78 371 0.80%
130 Uppsala Sweden 107.02 426 17.10%
131 Haifa Israel 105.31 289 17.30%
132 Mumbai metropolitan area India 104.62 319 10.00%
133 Ulsan South Korea 103.77 238 7.20%
134 Edmonton Canada 103.41 312 6.50%
135 Oslo Norway 103.33 416 45.20%
136 Phoenix metropolitan area United States of America (USA) 102.64 340 0.50%
137 Aachen Germany 102.42 343 2.30%
138 Perth Australia 100.91 335 8.00%
139 Pohang South Korea 99.7 231 6.90%
140 Erlangen Germany 98.99 245 2.20%
141 Tucson United States of America (USA) 98.88 402 0.50%
142 Groningen Netherlands 96.52 364 10.40%
143 Fort Collins United States of America (USA) 96.44 241 0.50%
144 Hsinchu Taiwan 96.23 306 25.90%
145 Valencia Spain 95.99 351 8.30%
146 Köln Germany 95.54 328 2.10%
147 Montpellier France 95.15 324 4.30%
148 Delft Netherlands 93.55 227 10.10%
149 Marseille France 92.81 393 4.10%
150 Oak Ridge United States of America (USA) 92.55 361 0.50%
151 Richland United States of America (USA) 92.47 256 0.50%
152 Bonn Germany 92.38 408 2.00%
153 Jena Germany 92.24 272 2.00%
154 Cleveland United States of America (USA) 91.66 254 0.50%
155 Göteborg Sweden 91.58 284 14.70%
156 Raleigh United States of America (USA) 90.93 240 0.50%
157 Charlottesville United States of America (USA) 90.38 328 0.40%
158 Aarhus Denmark 87.97 305 22.80%
159 Providence United States of America (USA) 87.87 282 0.40%
160 Nanchang Mainland China 87.5 190 0.60%
161 Gent Belgium 87.4 328 21.20%
162 Durham United Kingdom (UK) 86.23 255 2.30%
163 Central National Capital Region (Delhi) India 85.78 282 8.20%
164 Trieste Italy 85.36 402 8.30%
165 Lisbon Portugal 85.23 375 58.90%
166 Leeds United Kingdom (UK) 85.16 301 2.30%
167 Amherst United States of America (USA) 85.01 268 0.40%
168 Kunming Mainland China 83.99 231 0.60%
169 Rochester United States of America (USA) 83.94 312 0.40%
170 Southampton United Kingdom (UK) 83.42 335 2.20%
171 Ottawa Canada 83.17 293 5.20%
172 São Paulo Brazil 82.97 416 29.60%
173 Nijmegen Netherlands 82.81 340 8.90%
174 Los Alamos United States of America (USA) 82.63 297 0.40%
175 Stuttgart Germany 82.39 201 1.80%
176 Leiden Netherlands 82.04 316 8.80%
177 Regensburg Germany 81.74 176 1.80%
178 Tallahassee United States of America (USA) 81.04 313 0.40%
179 Dublin Ireland 80.48 352 68.90%
180 Bloomington United States of America (USA) 79.89 276 0.40%
181 Sheffield United Kingdom (UK) 79.72 276 2.10%
182 Brussels Belgium 78.5 346 19.00%
183 Lund Sweden 77.93 318 12.50%
184 Liverpool United Kingdom (UK) 77.91 397 2.10%
185 Iowa City United States of America (USA) 76.51 330 0.40%
186 Shenyang Mainland China 75.23 222 0.60%
187 Eindhoven Netherlands 74.73 163 8.00%
188 Coventry United Kingdom (UK) 74.44 303 2.00%
189 Naples Italy 73.19 431 7.10%
190 Saint Petersburg Russia 71.96 309 15.40%
191 Cincinnati United States of America (USA) 71.71 289 0.40%
192 Portland United States of America (USA) 70.72 217 0.40%
193 Worcester United States of America (USA) 70.06 179 0.30%
194 Kiel Germany 69.99 212 1.50%
195 Leipzig Germany 69.98 238 1.50%
196 East Lansing United States of America (USA) 69.16 267 0.30%
197 Birmingham United Kingdom (UK) 67.98 365 1.80%
198 Marburg an der Lahn Germany 67.46 150 1.50%
199 Padova Italy 66.24 365 6.40%
200 Calgary Canada 65.98 175 4.10%

* Singapore is a city-state.

** When calculating the contribution for Mainland China cities and Hong Kong, their combined region output is used.